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February 20, 2012
The idea that only fixed ocean areas can be designated as marine reserves became obsolete, and which experts say does not reflect the dynamic behavior of some of the ocean creatures.
Marine scientists called attention to this at a conference of the AAAS, a festival dedicated to science in Vancouver, Canada.
Ensure that the huge amounts of data through studies that track the animals demand a new attitude about marine conservation.
"Less than 1% of the ocean is protected today, and these marine areas tend to be bounded around non-mobile sites, such as coral reefs or seamounts," said Professor Larry Crowder, from Stanford University.
"But studies show that tracking many organisms-fish, marine mammals and seabirds, sea turtles and sharks depend on oceanographic features that have no fixed point."
"These features are fronts or eddies that can be moved on a seasonal, summer to winter, and year after year can be formed according to oceanographic changes such as El Niño Pacific Oscillation or Ten."
The challenge now, according to Crowder and other scientists, is trying to build a system of marine reserves to be as dynamic as the creatures that must be protected.
This new thinking is caused in part by the huge amount of data resulting from labeling projects. All kinds of creatures are being tracked over long distances, with increasingly sophisticated systems dedicated to it.
Many of the innovations that have improved the performance and functionality of cell phones are being incorporated into the latest generation of marine labels.These devices not only record where animals go, they capture the state information of the oceans.