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April 18, 2017
Transport in Bangladesh is an important part of the nation's economy. Since the liberation of the country, the development of infrastructure within the country has progressed at a rapid pace, and today there is a wide variety of modes of transport by land, water and air. However, there is significant progress still to be made to ensure uniform access to all available transport. In contrast to practice in other nations, Bangladesh has Four ministries responsible for transportation within country. They have specific responsibilities i. e. Road safety– Ministry of Road Transport and Bridges Civil aviation– Ministry of Civil Aviation and Tourism Maritime transport– Ministry of Shipping (Bangladesh) Rail transport– Ministry of Railways (Bangladesh) The Ministry of Road Transport and Bridges contains two Divisions: Road Transport and Highways Division Bridges Division With continued economic growth and development, Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh is beginning to experience massive traffic congestion. Today, this is causing extreme frustration to the inhabitants of the metropolitan which is the largest and most crowded city of the nation. Many government and public transport agencies drafted policies, undertook projects and implemented programmes to solve these problems. For example, the Dhaka Integrated Transport Studies conducted by the Ministry of Planning in 1991–1994 found that not only did the uncoordinated activities of Dhaka City Corporation (DCC), Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripakkha (RAJUK) and Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA) not yield the desired effects or alleviate the problems but also that there was no single organisation responsible for improving the transport and traffic problems of the city. With financial assistance from the World Bank, in 1998, Bangladesh Government created the Dhaka Transport Coordination Board. An urban transport plan was commissioned with the US Consulting Group Louis Berger and Bangladesh Consultant Ltd (BCL). The plan, launched in 2008, laid out a comprehensive transport plan for the Greater Dhaka City and its adjoining areas, such as Tongi, Gazipur, Savar, Narayanganj, Keraniganj, Narshingdi and Manikganj, covering around 1,530 square miles. The plan looked at 15 Key Policy issues including safety, pedestrian preferences, public transport, non-motorised transport, travel demand management, mass transit systems, etc. Almost 70 different policy recommendations were produced under these 15 issue areas. 10 comprehensive transport strategies were then evaluated, using a base case of no Bus rapid transit (BRT) or metro service and exploring many alternative combinations. Finally, the adopted plan included roads in addition to using a 3 Line Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) and the 3 Line BRT. Furthermore, the plan included provisions for 54 new roads in and around the city, 3 part elevated expressways and a circular waterways programme.[